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英語專四主謂一致問題考點

1.主語與謂語之間有定語從句或其他結構修飾,所以距離較遠,考生易誤認主語。如:

The amount of pressure which the materials are subject to affects the quality of the products.

2.關系代詞做主語的定語從句中,謂語的數要與先行詞一致。如:

Despite much research, there are still certain elements in the life cycle of the insect that are not fully understood.

There are many valuable services which the public are willing to pay for, but which do not bring a return in money to the community.

3.動名詞短語、不定式短語、名詞性從句做主語,謂語用單數。如:

Buying clothes is often a time-consuming job because those clothes that a person likes are rarely the ones that fit him or her.

To understand the situation completely requires more thought than has been given thus far.

4.主語帶有(togetheralong)with, such as, as well as, accompanied by, including, rather than 等附加成分, 謂語的數不受附加成分的影響。如:

The president of the college, together with the deans, is planning a conference for the purpose of laying down certain regulations.

5.表示時間、距離、金額、重量、面積、體積、容積等度量的名詞短語做主語時,謂語用單數。

6.某些固定結構中謂語的數:

a great many + 可數名詞復數 謂語用復數

many a + 可數名詞單數 謂語用單數

a number of +可數名詞復數 謂語用復數

the number of +可數名詞復數 謂語用單數

the majority of +可數名詞復數 謂語用復數

eachevery +可數名詞單數 謂語用單數

neithereither of +可數名詞復數 謂語用單數

more than one +可數名詞單數 謂語用單數

one and a half +可數名詞復數 謂語用單數

the greater part of a large proportion of 50% of one third of plenty of the rest of

謂語的數與of后面的名詞一致

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